These rhetorical patterns are common to many conspiracy theories. Learn to identify them and sharpen your critical thinking skills.

It can be tough to see your social media friend sharing conspiracy theory stories, and tough to respond to them effectively. Pointing it out and saying “that’s a conspiracy theory” doesn’t seem to be effective. But there are certain writing patterns and tropes that are common within such articles that make them compelling to some people. Sometimes, just pointing out patterns and tropes helps people see them for what they are.